In the Philippines, there are certain parts of the economy where private business is restricted to locals and its commonly called the negative list. The intentions were to protect the locals who would have to compete with a foreign competitor in the same business. Unfortunately, this practice which dates back to the country’s independence despite 3 changes in the constitution did not give the desire results to the benefit of the business or the customer of it. It only gave a sort of monopoly power to the existing local business operators. In a globalised world such continued practice denies the country the benefit of foreign capital in these areas. Let’s hope this will change.
By Ted P. Torres (The Philippine Star) Updated August 24, 2012
MANILA, Philippines – A professor of the University of the Philippines (UP) School of Economics and fellow of the Institute for Development and Econometric Analysis (IDEA) is in favor of lifting restrictions on foreign ownership in doing business in the Philippines.
Prof. Ernesto M. Pernia said that lifting of restrictions would encourage more foreign direct investments (FDIs) into the Philippine economy.
“However, it should be done gradually or in phases,” Pernia, a former lead economist of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), pointed out.
Doing it in phases would allow for gradual entry of foreign capital as well as limit the shocks to the domestic economy.
Speaking before students from the Lyceum of the Philippines and the Holy Angel University yesterday, the UP professor said that allowing for foreign ownership in the country’s economy is part of improving the investment climate in the country.
“Our country is coming in late in the intensely-competitive FDI and development game in the region,” he said. “We must shift to the productive and labor-intensive secondary sector to manufacturing.”
The BPO sector accounts for a mere one percent of the country’s labor force in an environment of seven percent unemployment rate and a little over 19-percent underemployment rate, Pernia pointed out.
Earlier, Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert F. del Rosario categorically favored the lifting of restrictions on foreign ownership to attract more investments.
“There may be a need to re-evaluate the existing economic parameters as the Philippines further redefines international economic policy and offer more access to foreign investments. There may be a need for changes in statutory ownership standards,” he said early this month.
Del Rosario reasoned that since the Philippines has decoupled from the nations badly battered by the ongoing global economic crisis, the country was saved from the negative impact of the crisis.
“But now it has less access to markets that have been earlier given preferential treatment status from the nations or regions which are now suffering from the global financial crisis,” he added.
The country has been ranked in the lower half of nations considered not attractive, or difficult to do business with in global surveys on doing business.